On February, 8 which is the Russian Science Day, a lot of Tomsk citizens received congratulations. Specialists from academic and research institutes, professors and thousands of students were among them. It is a special Day for our city since it has engaged in the implementation of a unique project called “INO Tomsk’2020”.
We have discussed with Aleksey Pushkarenko, Acting Deputy Governor for Research and Innovation Policy, the results of the year 2011 in terms of Tomsk research and educational complex.
Aleksey Borisovich, what was the year 2011 for Tomsk science and education?
I consider it was positive. I can give some figures to prove it (I should mention that these are preliminary figures, accurate data will appear closer to the spring). Tomsk scientific and educational complex possesses 22.6 billion rubles as its asset. Compared to 2010 the growth equals 5%. The amount of research works in universities grew by 36%. So, in TPU the amount of performed R&Ds exceeded 1.5 billion rubles (compared to 2010 the growth amounts to nearly 300 million rubles). According to the R&D amount, Tomsk Polytechnic University is the second only to Bauman Moscow State Technical University among 148 technical and technological higher educational institutions of the Ministry of Education and Science. And it takes the first place according to amount of extra-budgetary resources allotted for R&D work.
The amount of R&D in TSU has grown drastically (the growth exceeded 260 million rubles), primarily due to projects performed within the framework of federal target programs and grants. The growth in TUSUR was about 100 million rubles primarily due to contracts with Russian companies. As for Siberian State Medical University, investment in the R&D sphere grew by over 100 million rubles for projects performed within federal target programs mainly due to the technological platform “Medicine of the Future”.
Another important aspect is that in spite of the industrial recession the growth in business contracts of research institutes has come to 15 %. And if manufacturers place orders with our researchers even in such a tough time it means their work is competitive.
According to the previous year results, extra-budgetary investment in science accounted for 53%. So, Tomsk researchers earn a lot of money for the development of science on their own standing out among other regions of Russia based on budgetary financing. Experience confirms that Tomsk universities are stable and balanced structures with a strong growth of science and education.
Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science shows the best results within Tomsk Scientific Center SB RAS. The amount of research works increased by over 85 million rubles there. SB RAS Institutes also demonstrate good dynamics, especially Research Institutes of Cardiology, Oncology and Pharmacology. So, despite all economic difficulties of the year 2011our scientific and educational complex demonstrated dynamic growth.
In 2011 Tomsk researchers received 530 grants from Russian Foundation of Fundamental Research (RFFR), in 2010 this figure equaled 475. They also succeeded in collaboration with another large foundation, i.e. Russian Foundation for Humanities. Within the framework thereof Tomsk researches have won 53 grants. In 2011 442 monographs came out (in 2010 there were 391 of them). 91 doctoral dissertations were defended (in 2010 the figure equaled 70). We should point out that 25 people who got the doctor’s degree were under 40, which means that young people actively engage into this process. And Pavel Strizhak, a 26 year old researcher from TSU, became the youngest Doctor of Science in Tomsk! Until recently, “the record of youth” belonged to Gennady Mesyats who graduated from TSU and defended his doctoral dissertation at the age of 27. Now we can say that Pavel is second only to Lev Landau, a famous physicist who defended his doctoral dissertation at the age of 25.
In 2011 Tomsk scientists defended 353 Candidate’s dissertations, 228 authors were under 30. The average age of those who work in Tomsk scientific and educational complex goes down.
I’d like to give some more information about achievements of Tomsk researchers. Professor Evgeny Choinzonov, the director of Research Institute of Oncology was elected a full member of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. Professor Eduard Galazhinsky, the dean of TSU Department of Psychology, was elected a member of the Russian Academy of Education. Professor Sergei Psahie, the director of the Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science of SB RAS, became a RAS corresponding member. Sergei Popov (Research Institute of Cardiology), Nikolai Bokhan (Mental Health Research Institute) and Vladimir Udut (Research Institute of Pharmacology) were elected RAMS corresponding members.
Another fact proving high estimate of Tomsk researchers’ progress is that in 2011 a team of TSU researchers received a RF Government award.
Aleksey Borisovich, in September, 2009 Federal Law No 217 was adopted. It simplifies the establishment process for small innovative enterprises within universities. How many enterprises have been established in Tomsk?
Last year 24 small innovative enterprises were established under 217-FL, the total number of them in Tomsk now is 79, five of them are established within the Institutes of Tomsk Scientific Center of SB RAS. Our city is among Russian leaders in terms of the number of such enterprises.
What breakthrough projects of Tomsk researchers performed for the previous year can you name?
First of all, I consider it is the technological platform “Medicine of the Future”. Professor Ludmila Ogorodova, Vice Rector of Siberian State Medical University, initiated its creation. “Medicine of the Future” is the best out of 28 technological platforms created in Russia. And there are only two of them in Siberia. Another one is “National Information Satellite System” developed and being implemented by specialists of JSC “Information Satellite Systems named after Academician M. Reshetnev” (Zheleznogorsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai).
The first results have been obtained within the framework of the platform “Medicine of the Future”. We succeeded in it mainly due to the XIV Tomsk Innovation Forum Innovus which was held in May, 2011 as we invited a lot of heads of enterprises and organizations that became participants of the technological platform. Now, over 200 organizations participate in “Medicine of the Future”, 56 universities, 59 research institutes, 74 manufacturing enterprises are among them. Tomsk organizations (there are four our universities, RAS and RAMS institutes, industrial enterprises participating in the technological platform) carry out four large projects financed from the federal budget for the sum exceeding 560 million rubles for the period from 2011 till 2013. In 2011 two projects of the Research Institute of Pharmacology, SB RAS, were supported due to the technological platform “Medicine of the Future”. These projects are aimed at pre-clinical studies of pharmaceuticals within the program “Pharma-2020” with the investment of over 65 million rubles. Another four Tomsk projects for 130 million rubles were approved by the Program Coordinating Council and will start being implemented in 2012.
We should also mention the Training Center preparing specialists for nuclear industry that was opened in TPU after Sergei Kirienko, Head of Rosatom, visited the university. The Center will prepare specialists to work at Russian and foreign nuclear power stations which have been already constructed or being designed. The head of Rosatom appreciated the potential of TPU very high.
How is the establishment of the consortium moving on?
We should emphasize once again that Tomsk consortium is a unique organization. There is nothing of that kind in Russia. Though foundation documents on the establishment of the Consortium were signed not so long ago, it was on November 16, 2011, but since 2009 the participants of the Consortium have already been implementing an inter-agency program aimed at the development and implementation of a world-class educational, scientific and innovation center model in Tomsk. The program is agreed upon with the Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Education and Science, Russian Academy of Sciences and Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and, of course, with the Administration of Tomsk region. Thirteen areas have been defined within this program. Consortium participants have some international standard preliminary studies and works in education or science or in some innovative products within these areas.
It is important to understand that the Consortium is not the beginning but a stage fixing all previous achievements of Tomsk science. An executive board of the Consortium will be formed soon and it will start working more actively. It is the Consortium of Tomsk scientific and educational organizations that is given one of key positions in the management of the project “INOTomsk’ 2020”. The Consortium must trigger the solution of the whole complex of problems in the region.
A pilot project on the establishment of a Training Center that will prepare specialists for Kazakhstan and Central Asia is among important projects represented by the Consortium. Although several cities seek to open such a center Tomsk has an advantage: the Consortium of Tomsk higher educational institutions and research organizations expands educational opportunities of the region. Andrei Fursenko, Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, during his recent visit to Tomsk, highly estimated the chance of Tomsk to win the competition for the right to open such Training Center that will prepare specialists for Kazakhstan and Central Asia if the Consortium will represent the project.
Network collaboration is planned within the framework of the Consortium. So, candidates for a master’s degree will have an opportunity to attend lectures and study programs offered by different universities.
Aleksey Borisovich, the year 2012 is time to complete mega-projects under Government Regulation No. 218. How are these projects being fulfilled?
I’d like to remind that under Government Regulation No. 218 (cooperation of high educational institutions and large-scale business for the development of high-tech production enterprises) Siberian high educational institutions have won 12 projects. Five of them were from Tomsk. The projects are large, up to 300 million rubles is allocated from federal funds for their implementation. Conditions are very rigid: if an enterprise does not fulfill its obligations for co-financing the project is shut down. All partners fulfill their obligations. So, Novosibirsk Company NEVZ-Soyuz has supplied a process line for the production of nanoceramics developed by researchers from TPU. The project with the research and production company Altai is coming along very well. Tomsk universities design electronic devices for new generation satellites, and Information Satellite Systems named after Academician M. Reshetnev is an industrial partner of the project. Three Tomsk universities – TUSUR, TSU and TPU together with the Research Institute of Semiconductor Devices are developing light-emitting-diode production, in December a technical laboratory was opened within the Research Institute of Semiconductor Devices. Young people are mastering foreign equipment to show their worth afterwards…
“Nanoelectronics UHF” is an interesting project. TUSUR and Research and Production Company Micran are implementing it. In some time monolithic integrated circuits will be designed in Tomsk. Our country lacks them now, which hinders electronics development.
As soon as in 2015 we will get a significant return from these projects. One budget ruble is estimated to give the gain of 3.5 rubles. So, scientific and educational complex and high-tech business are turning to a powerful sector of economy.
Vecherny Tomsk. Itogi