The discussion included representatives of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, Ministry of Industry and Trade, State Corporation “Rosatom”, Sibur, LLC, the Governor of the Tomsk Region, Sergey Zhvachkin, the Governor of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Viktor Tolokonskiy as well as deputy governors, deputy prime ministers and the ministers of economic and investment regional development, currently involved in the establishment of priority social and economic development areas in the Tomsk, Rostov, Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk and Penza regions.
In his speech, Aleksandr Tsybulskiy, Deputy Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, noted that the selection procedure of monocities applying for PDA establishment is currently being revised. In particular, he mentioned that it is being discussed that the practice of city rankings should be introduced, depending on their social-economic status, prospects and the readiness of projects. This will enable all monocities to compete for the support from the Monocity Development Fund and in the selections for the establishment of PDA.
The viewpoint of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia was shared by Angelika Zaboeva, Deputy Head of Territorial Development Section, Department of Regional Industrial Policy. According to her, a mechanism is currently in place that reimburses the costs of establishing industrial parks. Nearly 4.3 billion rubles were allocated to support the development of industrial parks in 2016. “There are no significant differences for the establishment of industrial parks on the territory of a PDA”, - she noted in her speech.
According to Sergey Zhvachkin, the Governor of the Tomsk Region, CATU is an underused opportunity for the government to create and develop nationally important advanced industries. “The government policy should be focused and rely on unique CATU. In order to develop regions, it is necessary to develop a differentiated policy and focus the federal instruments to the unique features of regional economy”, - he said.
Viktor Tolokonskiy, the Governor of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, supported his colleague and noted that nowadays regions must support the federal policy on the establishment of PDA. However, according to him, one should not expect the establishment of PDAs to scale up investments many-fold. “Investors will go for an environment and it is a bigger stimulus for them than tax benefits”, - said Tolokonskiy. Apart from that, he believes that the policy of PDAs should be supplemented with a more complete policy on providing state support. “In the context of lacking budgetary resources, the growth may be achieved through structural reforms and new projects”, - he added. According to him, in this regard, regional authority should be extended related to the use of federal policy instruments.
During the discussion, the viewpoints of the regions, participating in PDAs establishment, were voiced. According to Yuri Molodchenko, Deputy Governor of the Rostov Region, the establishment of a PDA in the monocity of Gukovo, the objective is to create around 5 thousand workplaces over three years. However, there is a series of problems faced by all the PDAs being created - the energy and transport infrastructure. Aleksey Orlov, First Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Sverdlovsk Region, believes that PDA is a suitable instrument to implement the policy aimed at reducing the dependency of the economy of cities in industrial regions on specific industrial sectors and diversify their economy.
“The most important thing in establishing PDAs is the time factor, - Irina Akbasheva, First Deputy Minister of Economic Development of the Chelyabinsk Region, says. – It is necessary to let investors proceed with the implementation of projects on the territory if PDAs being created as soon as possible.”
According to Karen Malkhasyan, Deputy Head of the Regional Cooperation Administration of Rosatom, out of all the existing mechanisms of support, one of the most efficient is legal entrepreneurial status in the format of PDA. “It is conditioned by the significant personnel potential of CATU, modernization of atomic energy enterprises and the increase in workforce productivity”, - he noted. Process automation is moving on, significant areas are becoming available with all necessary infrastructure present. It would be wrong not to make use of it. According to him, as early as in 2016 the first residents of PDA in CATU should begin to operate. The state corporation began its work to create functional and financial models for the management company.
Dmitriy Kolobov, Director Strategic Planning of Sibur, LLC, noted in his speech that the most efficient scenarios of Russia’s economic development are linked to the economic development of regions and dramatic increase in the importance of their role, influence and self-sufficiency. He believes that there are currently enough measures of state support for industrial and innovative development, but the Tomsk Region focuses on those instruments that do work well in its area, enabling the company to successfully implement its projects. “In order to attract investors, the regions must receive more authority so that investment development could reach the necessary tempo”, - Kolobov noted.